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T&T Clark Handbook of the Old Testament
Learn more Check out. Volume 39 , Issue 2 June Pages Related Information. Close Figure Viewer. Browse All Figures Return to Figure. Previous Figure Next Figure. Email or Customer ID. Forgot your password? Forgot password? Old Password. New Password. Password Changed Successfully Your password has been changed. Returning user.
ISBN 13: 9781112018633
Request Username Can't sign in? Forgot your username? Enter your email address below and we will send you your username. It has led us to think about the nature of our sacred literature and to reevaluate the skill and deliberation with which it was written. By it many passages that were previously obscure have now become clear. Other places that once seemed disorganized have now regained their original orderliness.
Above all, we have learned once again that, if we are to judge the literature of another culture, we must not judge it according to our likes and dislikes. The fact that chiasmus was a unique and prevalent form of Hebrew writing requires us to take it into account when we consider the literary accomplishments of ancient Israel. Figurative language and rich imagery abound, especially in the poetic books. Every rhetorical device is used, including alliteration, hyperbole, simile, metaphor, personification, and metonymy. Sperry used an interesting analogy to illustrate a fundamental difference between the Eastern and Western ways of using language:.
We ofttimes read our Bible as though its peoples were English or American and interpret their sayings in terms of our own background and psychology. But the Bible is actually an Oriental book.
Congruent ethos in the Second Temple literature of the Old Testament
It was written centuries ago by Oriental people and primarily for Oriental people. In thought and speech the Oriental is an artist; the Occidental, on the other hand, may be thought of as an architect. When speaking, the Oriental paints a scene whose total effect is true, but the details may be inaccurate; the Occidental tends to draw diagrams accurate in detail. Any good botanist knows that the mustard seed sinapi of which Jesus spoke, though small, is not the smallest of all seeds, nor is the plant greater than all herbs. It lays heaven and earth under tribute.
It steals music from the morning stars, and light from the bridegroom who needs no virginal lamps. Its eternal summer fades not, and its snows are undefiled. It rules the raging of the sea, it drives on the clouds, and rides on the wings of the wind. It makes the royal gold richer, the myrrh more fragrant, and the frankincense sweeter. The offerings it takes from the shepherd suffer no death, and his flock is folded in evergreen pastures.
The bread of its harvest will never waste, the oil from its press never fail, and its wine is for ever new. So long as men can breathe, its eternal lines will form the litany of the praying heart. The strings it touches are the strings of the harp of God.
- Old Testament literature.
- The Woman from Short Grass Country;
- Organization in Open Source Communities: At the Crossroads of the Gift and Market Economies (Routledge Studies in Innovation, Organization and Technology).
It is the majestic rhythm of the soaring spirit, felt only by him who has the music of heaven in his soul. Its great theme is the personal encounter with the living God.
(G-1) Hebrew Poetry
One difficult aspect of Hebrew literature is the frequency with which certain writers use figures or images or write of things that have a dual meaning. For example, suppose a person in a crowd of strangers wants to determine if there are any Latter-day Saints present without openly asking. He is using esoteric language.
Members of the Church would recognize the words instantly, but everyone else would assume that the was only singing a song unfamiliar to them. The same technique was often used in Old Testament writings. Special messages of spiritual importance were placed in apparently mundane or spiritually insignificant passages. But to the spiritually initiated, the spiritually sensitive, the second and more important meaning leaps out clearly.
- The Flud: The Untold Story of Noah.
- Old Testament;
- The Internal Expressions: A Collection of Thoughts and Poems.
- Der Konfliktlösungsansatz von Jésus Antonio Bejarano am Beispiel des kolumbianischen Friedensprozesses von 1998 bis 2002 (German Edition)?
- Old Testament literature?
- About the Old Testament of the Bible.
And indeed the whole passage Isaiah —22 makes perfect sense if applied to the head of the Babylonian government. Read the passage again in light of the other meanings for Babylon and Lucifer. A whole new meaning, equally valid and meaningful, becomes apparent.
Which is the correct interpretation? The passage was written in literary style. Prophecies concerning Zion provide another example of dualism. Zion was a common title for the city of Jerusalem, and by extension, the covenant people just as one says Washington or Moscow to mean the United States or Russia. Most scholars interpret Zion references as referring to ancient Israel, and undoubtedly they did.
But to Latter-day Saints, Zion has modern implications, which give deeper significance to such passages see Isaiah —4. Old Jerusalem Zion has again been set up in the tops of the mountains of Israel, and many Jews from all over the world have flowed unto it.
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- (G-1) Hebrew Poetry.
- Old Testament Life and Literature.
- SC 231 - Prophetic Literature of the Old Testament?
But the establishment of the restored Church in Salt Lake City and in other places in the tops of the mountains has also fulfilled this prophecy. So here is another classic example of prophetic and literary dualism. Still another example is the prophecies concerning the scattering and gathering of Israel. These prophecies have been fulfilled several times in different ways. The Jews were carried away captive by Babylon and returned seventy years later. They were scattered again by the Romans and are now returning to the land of their forefathers.
The Lamanites, another branch of Israel, have been scattered and are now returning to the Church. Israelites from all over the world are gathering to the true Church.
The key to understanding such literary styles is the Spirit. McConkie said the following:. Scripture comes from God by the power of the Holy Ghost. It does not originate with man.