DOI: Go to Research Article Abstract Introduction Methods Results and Discussion Conclusion Acknowledgement References Abstract The study was carried out with an aim to select indigenous plant species for restoration of a degraded habitat at Bonai reserve forest area formed due to mining in Sundergarh district of Odisha. Species for restoration were selected from mine forest area through systematic phytosociological analysis that involved measurement of Importance Value Index IVI and regeneration values of tree species.
However, species selection from plantation was made based on their growth, productivity, and adaptation to terrain and soil types. Shrubs and grasses were selected based on relative index and relative abundance, respectively. The top 15 tree and 16 grass species, and the entire six shrub species were selected from mine forest area and plantation were considered for restoration of dump areas. Since soils of dump were of similar nature as that of the forest area, the findings will be helpful in faster restoration of the degraded habitats with initial human facilitation.
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After care and monitoring has also been suggested to enhance the recovery process. Go to Research Article Abstract Introduction Methods Results and Discussion Conclusion Acknowledgement References Introduction Ecological restoration aims to recreate, initiate, or accelerate the recovery of habitats that has been disturbed. Disturbances are environmental changes that alter ecosystem structure and function. Common disturbances include mining, logging, damming rivers, intense grazing and fire. Out of these disturbances degradation of natural habitats due to opencast mining leads towards clearing of vegetation is a common phenomenon.
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Normal recovery of distributed habitats takes times through colonization of plant and animal species [ 1 - 3 ] and can be accelerated through human intervention. Till yet, not much attention was paid to restore these habitats. Recent awareness followed by stringent enforcement of rules and regulations has generated consciousness about the environment. Restoration has been attempted on an experimental basis in various parts of India [ 4 - 7 ] through implementation of plantation programme.
In such practices plantation of exotic and horticultural species has attempted for restoration and as a result the degraded land has been made productive [ 8 ]. Restoration is the recreation of entire communities of organisms, closely modeled on those occurring naturally, while reclamation refers to any deliberate attempt to return a damaged ecosystem to some kind of productive use [ 9 - 11 ]. It would appear that in many cases, it is reclamation rather than restoration which is attempted. Restoration needs knowledge of indigenous biological resources for understanding the species response to micro-environmental features and edaphic conditions [ 12 - 14 ].
Information on these aspects not only helps in selecting species adapted to local conditions [ 7 ] but also in the fast recovery of the ecosystem when such species are planted there [ 15 , 16 ]. This article represents the outcome of a study that included these aspects to help in ecological restoration of a disturbed site at Bonai reserve forest area in Sundergarh district, Odisha. The Bonai reserve forest in Sundergarh district, Odisha has been disturbed due to mining since The area with dry deciduous forests contains good quality of minable iron ore deposits.
To undertake the mining activities some part of the forest covers of this reserve forest was cleared. Presently dumping is being done in well vegetated valleys adversely affected the vegetation. Thus the present study was an attempt to select plant species based on a set of criteria in restoring the degraded habitat of Raikela Iron Ore Mine, Odisha. In this area mining has been done in The rate of extraction of ore is around 5, 02, TPA.
The ore to waste ratio is 1. The mines lease area includes the following:. Forest area FA : Active dump AD : Nearly equal to one hectare area i. Old dump OD : 3. Only Acacia farnesiana has been planted here. The soil of the area is slightly acidic pH: 5. The depth varies from shallow cm and medium cm to moderately deep cm. NaN Vandaag. Contactformulier Vult u alstublieft onderstaande gegevens zo volledig mogelijk in, dan kunnen wij u optimaal van dienst zijn.
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Soil organic carbon - the most reliable indicator for monitoring land degradation by soil erosion.
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Ecorestoration of the coalmine degraded lands
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Ecorestoration of the Coalmine Degraded Lands
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